Wild Souls - Symbolism in the Art of the Baltic States

Kumu Art Museum


Wild Souls: Symbolism in the Art of the Baltic States / ISBN 9789949485871 / 264-page hardcover, bilingual English and Estonian / very light bumps to the boards from international transit

An excellent book, worth it (for me) for the Čiurlionis images, but it also introduced me to a bunch of artists from Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.


The book accompanied an exhibition at the Kumu Art Museum, which was first on display at the Musée d’Orsay in Paris. The exhibition is part of the programme to celebrate the centennial of the Republic of Estonia.

Almost 150 works by notable artists from the art history of the Baltic countries dating from the late 19th century to the 1930s are included in the exhibition. On view are works by Janis Rozentāls, Vilhelms Purvītis, Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis, Kristjan Raud, Nikolai Triik, Konrad Mägi, Oskar Kallis and many other great names of Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian art from the collections of four Baltic museums: the Latvian National Museum of Art, Art Museum of Estonia, Lithuanian Art Museum and M. K. Čiurlionis National Museum of Art.

The exhibition reveals the specific features of early 20th-century Baltic Symbolism. The local young artists set out to discover the contemporary art movements in Europe, but also had aspirations to help create their own national identities. Their art often intertwines the international artistic idiom with local folk art and symbols of oral heritage. The idea of creative freedom was brought from Western Europe, along with the belief in the ability of art to express the spiritual levels hidden in people.

The catalogue is the first exhaustive treatment of Baltic Symbolism, which is introduced by Rodolphe Rapetti’s essay “Terra incognita”. Rapetti’s essay is motivated by a desire to introduce the works of the artists from the Baltic countries, which the author considers to be unique in the international context of Symbolism, to the broader art public of Western Europe. In addition to abundant pictorial material, the catalogue includes texts by art researchers from the three Baltic states introducing the works included in the exhibition.

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